DMCA. Copyrighted Work that you can Claim.
Base have 820 524 books.
Search: 


📙 The natural and the human : science and the shaping of modernity, 1739-1841 by Gaukroger, Stephen — free download


Stephen Gaukroger presents an original account of the development of empirical science and the understanding of human behaviour from the mid-eighteenth century. Since the seventeenth century, science in the west has undergone a unique form of cumulative development in which it has been consolidated through integration into and shaping of a culture. But in the eighteenth century, science was cut loose from the legitimating culture in which it had had a public rationale as a fruitful and worthwhile form of enquiry. What kept it afloat between the middle of the eighteenth and the middle of the nineteenth centuries, when its legitimacy began to hinge on an intimate link with technology? The answer lies in large part in an abrupt but fundamental shift in how the tasks of scientific enquiry were conceived, from the natural realm to the human realm.
At the core of this development lies the naturalization of the human, that is, attempts to understand human behaviour and motivations no longer in theological and metaphysical terms, but in empirical terms. One of the most striking feature of this development is the variety of forms it took, and the book explores anthropological medicine, philosophical anthropology, the 'natural history of man', and social arithmetic. Each of these disciplines re-formulated basic questions so that empirical investigation could be drawn upon in answering them, but the empirical dimension was conceived very differently in each case, with the result that the naturalization of the human took the form of competing, and in some respects mutually exclusive, projects.


About book:

About file:

  • File size: 6 007 731
  • Format: pdf


Security code:
Download button

Similar books results


Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy
Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy free download by Justin E. H. Smith

People have always been xenophobic, but an explicit philosophical and scientific view of human racial difference only began to emerge during the modern period. Why and how did this happen? Surveying a range of philosophical and natural-scientific texts, d...

Reconstructing a Christian Theology of Nature (Ashgate Science and Religion Series)
Reconstructing a Christian Theology of Nature (Ashgate Science and Religion Series) free pdf by Anna Case-Winters

In the present ecological crisis, it is imperative that human beings reconsider their place within nature and find new, more responsible and sustainable ways of living. Assumptions about the nature of God, the world, and the human being, shape our thinkin...

Philosophical Papers: Volume 2, Philosophy and the Human Sciences (Pt. 2)
Philosophical Papers: Volume 2, Philosophy and the Human Sciences (Pt. 2) download pdf by Charles Taylor

Charles Taylor has been one of the most original and influential figures in contemporary philosophy: his 'philosophical anthropology' spans an unusually wide range of theoretical interests and draws creatively on both Anglo-American and Continental tradit...

The Victorian Reinvention of Race: New Racisms and the Problem of Grouping in the Human Sciences (Routledge Studies in Modern British History)
The Victorian Reinvention of Race: New Racisms and the Problem of Grouping in the Human Sciences (Routledge Studies in Modern British History) epub download by Edward Beasley

In mid-Victorian England there were new racial categories based upon skin colour. The 'races' familiar to those in the modern west were invented and elaborated after the decline of faith in Biblical monogenesis in the early nineteenth century, and before ...

Philosophy and the human sciences (Philosophical Papers 2)
Philosophy and the human sciences (Philosophical Papers 2) free pdf by Charles Taylor

Charles Taylor has been one of the most original and influential figures in contemporary philosophy: his 'philosophical anthropology' spans an unusually wide range of theoretical interests and draws creatively on both Anglo-American and Continental tradit...

Philosophy and the human sciences (Philosophical Papers 2)
Philosophy and the human sciences (Philosophical Papers 2) free pdf by Charles Taylor

Charles Taylor has been one of the most original and influential figures in contemporary philosophy: his 'philosophical anthropology' spans an unusually wide range of theoretical interests and draws creatively on both Anglo-American and Continental tradit...

Interpretation and Explanation in the Human Sciences
Interpretation and Explanation in the Human Sciences epub download by David K. Henderson

Henderson examines the foundations of an analytic social science approach to develop a well-integrated account of the human sciences, focusing on the pivotal notions of interpretation and explanation. The author acknowledges the importance of interpretive...

Human Sciences: Reappraising the Humanities Through History and Philosophy
Human Sciences: Reappraising the Humanities Through History and Philosophy free pdf by Jens Hoyrup

Human Sciences assesses the importance and value of the humanities historically and philosophically, and makes the case for treating them as sciences. Through careful examination of the characteristics they share with the natural and social sciences, as w...

Phenomenology, Science and Geography: Spatiality and the Human Sciences (Cambridge Human Geography)
Phenomenology, Science and Geography: Spatiality and the Human Sciences (Cambridge Human Geography) free pdf by John Pickles

A work of outstanding originality and importance, which will become a cornerstone in the philosophy of geography, this book asks: What is human science? Is a truly human science of geography possible? What notions of spatiality adequately describe human s...