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# 📙 The four color theorem: history, topological foundations, and idea of proof by Fritsch R., Fritsch G. — free pdf

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## About book:

## About file:

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- Author:
**Fritsch R., Fritsch G.** - Year:
**1998** - Publisher:
**Springer** - Language:
**English** - ISBN:
**038798497,0387984976**

- File size:
**3 052 267** - Format:
**djvu**

Security code:

In this volume, the authors present their 1972 proof of the celebrated Four Color Theorem in a detailed but self-contained exposition accessible to a general mathematical audience. An emended version of the authors' proof of the theorem, the book cont...

In the summer of 1976 Kenneth Appel and Wolfgang Haken of the University of Illinois announced that they had solved the Four-Color Problem. Suddenly what had been known to several generations of mathematicians as the Four-Color Conjecture had become the F...

For more than two thousand years a familiarity with mathematics has been regarded as an indispensable part of the intellectual equipment of every cultured person. Today, unfortunately, the traditional place of mathematics in education is in grave danger. ...

For more than two thousand years a familiarity with mathematics has been regarded as an indispensable part of the intellectual equipment of every cultured person. Today, unfortunately, the traditional place of mathematics in education is in grave danger. ...

Written for beginners and scholars, for students and teachers, for philosophers and engineers, What is Mathematics? is a sparkling collection of mathematical gems that offers an entertaining and accessible portrait of the mathematical world. Brought up to...

The four-colour theorem is one of the famous problems of mathematics, that frustrated generations of mathematicians from its birth in 1852 to its solution (using substantial assistance from electronic computers) in 1976. The theorem asks whether four colo...

Книга Graphs, Colourings and the Four-Colour Theorem Graphs, Colourings and the Four-Colour Theorem Книги Математика Автор: Robert A. Wilson Год издания: 2002 Формат: pdf Издат.:Oxford University Press, USA Страниц: 154 Размер: 3,6 ISBN: 0198510624 Язык: ...

The International Conference on the History of Original Ideas and Basic Discoveries, held at the "Ettore Majorana" Centre for Scientific Culture in Erice, Sicily, July 27-August 4, 1994, brought together sixty of the leading scientists including many Nobe...

What is music, and why does it move us? From Pythagoras to the present, writers have struggled to isolate the essence of "pure" or "absolute" music in ways that also account for its profound effect. In Absolute Music: The History of an Idea, Mark Evan Bon...