DMCA. Copyrighted Work that you can Claim.
Base have 820 524 books.
Search: 


📙 Pollution of the North Sea: An Assessment by P. C. Reid, A. H. Taylor, J. A. Stephens (auth.), Dr. Wim Salomons, Dr. Brian L. Bayne, Professor Dr. Egbert Klaas Duursma, Professor Dr. Ulrich Förstner (eds.) — download pdf


This preface is being written at a time of exceptional public interest in the North Sea, following media head­ lines on toxic algal blooms, the mass mortality of common seals, and concern over pollution levels. These headlines may suggest that pollution of the North Sea is a recent event. This is not the case. Although no data are available (methods simply did not exist), it is safe to assume that emission (both into air and water) of heavy metals already started to increase in the 19th cen­ tury. The growth of cities and introduction of sewer sys­ tems led to the discharge of raw sewage and sewage sludge. The introduction of man-made (xenobiotic) organ­ ic chemicals and their subsequent emission into the North Sea commenced before the second world war. The shallower and coastal areas of the North Sea receive the highest concentrations of these pollutants. Not unexpectedly, these areas - some Norwegian fjords, the Dutch coast, the German Bight - show signs of ecosystem deterioration and eutrophication. A certain percentage of the pollutants does not remain in the North Sea but is "exported" to the Atlantic. The North Sea therefore con­ tributes to the global input of pollutants to the world's oceans. The major part of the pollutants accumulate in the North Sea and are incorporated in the bottom sediments. Although they are "out of sight", they should not be "out of mind".



About file:

  • File size: 20 778 363
  • Format: pdf


Security code:
Download button

Similar books results


North Sea Region Climate Change Assessment
North Sea Region Climate Change Assessment free pdf by Markus Quante, Franciscus Colijn (eds.)

This book offers an up-to-date review of our current understanding of climate change in the North Sea and adjacent areas, as well as its impact on ecosystems and socio-economic sectors. It provides a detailed assessment of climate change based on publishe...

Oil Pollution in the North Sea
Oil Pollution in the North Sea download pdf by Angela Carpenter (eds.)

This volume offers a review of measures taken at different levels to prevent oil inputs to the North Sea from sources such as shipping and oil installations. A range of data from satellites, remote sensing, aerial surveillance, in-situ monitoring, oil spi...

Sensitivity to Change: Black Sea, Baltic Sea and North Sea
Sensitivity to Change: Black Sea, Baltic Sea and North Sea free epub by M. Sztobryn, M. Kałas, A. Staskiewicz (auth.), Emin Özsoy, Alexander Mikaelyan (eds.)

Recent decades have seen a degradation of the environmental quality in semi-enclosed seas, which are particularly sensitive to population pressures due to their naturally low flushing rates related to their geometry. The North Sea, Baltic Sea and the Blac...

Agent-Based Simulation of Vulnerability Dynamics: A Case Study of the German North Sea Coast
Agent-Based Simulation of Vulnerability Dynamics: A Case Study of the German North Sea Coast free pdf by Cilli Sobiech (auth.)

This thesis constitutes an extraordinary innovative research approach in transferring the concepts and methods of complex systems to risk research. It ambitiously bridges the barriers between theoretical, empirical and methodical research work and integra...

Response to Marine Oil Pollution — Review and Assessment
Response to Marine Oil Pollution — Review and Assessment free pdf by Douglas Cormack (auth.)

Response to Marine Oil Pollution - Review and Assessment is the essential source book, now updated, for all involved in marine oil pollution consequences and response. It covers policy, planning and operations, and provides technical assessment of the tru...

The Sea of Lost Opportunity: North Sea Oil and Gas, British Industry and the Offshore Supplies Office
The Sea of Lost Opportunity: North Sea Oil and Gas, British Industry and the Offshore Supplies Office download pdf by Norman J. Smith

This book reviews the condition of the British economy and the status of offshore technology immediately prior to the arrival of the oil and gas industry in the North Sea. It examines the immediate and long-term reactions to this large new industry of bot...

Petroleum Geology of the North Sea: Basic Concepts and Recent Advances, Fourth Edition
Petroleum Geology of the North Sea: Basic Concepts and Recent Advances, Fourth Edition free download by

Since the 3rd edition of this publication, emphasis within the petroleum industry has shifted from exploration to appraisal and development of existing hydrocarbon resources. This change is reflected in this new 4th edition, which has been significantly e...

Seismicity and Seismic Risk in the Offshore North Sea Area: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, held at Utrecht, The Netherlands, June 1–4, 1982
Seismicity and Seismic Risk in the Offshore North Sea Area: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, held at Utrecht, The Netherlands, June 1–4, 1982 free epub by Peter A. Ziegler (auth.), A. Reinier Ritsema, Aybars Gürpinar (eds.)

The Workshop on the Seismicity and Seismic Risk in the Off­ shore North Sea Area was intended to bring together experts from a variety of disciplines as well as interest groups with involve­ ment in siting, design and construction of offshore structures i...

Understanding the North Sea System
Understanding the North Sea System pdf free by J. H. Simpson (auth.), H. Charnock, K. R. Dyer, J. M. Huthnance, P. S. Liss, J. H. Simpson, P. B. Tett (eds.)

The continental shelf seas have an importance which is out of proportion to the rela­ tively small fraction of the area of the global ocean which they occupy. These shallow seas play an important role as the high energy boundary zones of the deep ocean wh...